Steven Allan Spielberg KBE OMRI (//; born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era and one of the most popular directors and producers in film history.
Spielberg started in Hollywood directing television and several minor theatrical releases. He became a household name as the director of Jaws (1975), which was critically and commercially successful and is considered the first summer blockbuster. His subsequent releases focused typically on science fiction and adventure films, and Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), the Indiana Jones series, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), and Jurassic Park (1993) are seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood escapist filmmaking.
Spielberg transitioned into addressing serious issues in his later work with The Color Purple (1985), Empire of the Sun (1987), Schindler's List (1993), Amistad (1997), and Saving Private Ryan (1998). He has largely adhered to this practice during the 21st century, with Munich (2005), Lincoln (2012), Bridge of Spies (2015), and The Post (2017). He co-founded Amblin Entertainment and DreamWorks Studios, where he has also served as a producer for several successful films, including the Gremlins, Back to the Future, Men in Black, and the Transformers series. He later transitioned into producing several games within the video-game industry.
Spielberg is one of the American film industry's most critically successful filmmakers, with praise for his directing talent and versatility, and he has won the Academy Award for Best Director twice. Some of his movies are also among the highest-grossing movies of all-time, while his total work makes him the highest-grossing film director in history. His net worth is estimated to be more than $3 billion.
- ↑ The cinema of Steven Spielberg: Empire of light. Nigel Morris. Wallflower Press. 2007
- ↑ Higgins, Bill (April 7, 2012). "'Jaws': Revisiting Hollywood's First Summer Blockbuster". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- ↑ "Steven Spielberg to Harvard grads: Be the movie heroes of real life". The Economic Times.
- ↑ „MAGIC AND LIGHT: THE FILMS OF STEVEN SPIELBERG: Chapter 1: Introduction”. December 15, 2011. https://www.indiewire.com/2011/12/magic-and-light-the-films-of-steven-spielberg-chapter-1-introduction-132598/.
- ↑ Dargis, Manohla; Scott, A. O. (June 9, 2017). "The 25 Best Films of the 21st Century So Far". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
- ↑ McClintock, Pamela (April 17, 2018). "Box-Office Milestone: Steven Spielberg Is First Member of $10B Directors' Club". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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