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Stephen Hillenburg by Carlos Cazurro

Stephen Hillenburg, shown here in 2011, created SpongeBob SquarePants, which premiered on May 1, 1999.

SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated television series created by marine biologist and animator, Stephen Hillenburg for Nickelodeon. The series is set in the fictional underwater city of Bikini Bottom, and centers on the adventures and endeavors of SpongeBob SquarePants, an over-optimistic sea sponge that annoys other characters. Many of the ideas for the show originated in an unpublished, educational comic book titled The Intertidal Zone, which Hillenburg created in the mid-1980s. He began developing SpongeBob SquarePants into a television series in 1996 after the cancellation of Rocko's Modern Life, another Nickelodeon television series that Hillenburg previously directed.[1][2]

Since its debut on May 1, 1999,[3] SpongeBob SquarePants has broadcast

SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated television series created by marine science educator and animator Stephen Hillenburg for Nickelodeon. The series chronicles the adventures and endeavors of the title character and his various friends in the fictional underwater city of Bikini Bottom. The series' popularity has made it a media franchise, as well as the highest rated series to ever air on Nickelodeon, and the most distributed property of Viacom Media Networks. As of late 2017, the media franchise has generated $13 billion in merchandising revenue for Nickelodeon.[4]

Many of the ideas for the series originated in an unpublished educational comic book titled The Intertidal Zone, which Hillenburg created in 1989.[5] He began developing SpongeBob SquarePants into a television series in 1996 upon the cancellation of Rocko's Modern Life, and turned to Tom Kenny, who had worked with him on that series, to voice the title character. SpongeBob was originally going to be named SpongeBoy, and the series was to be called SpongeBoy Ahoy!, but both of these were changed, as the name was already trademarked.

Nickelodeon held a preview for the series in the United States on May 1, 1999, following the television airing of the 1999 Kids' Choice Awards. The series officially premiered on July 17, 1999. It has received worldwide critical acclaim since its premiere and gained enormous popularity by its second season. A feature film, The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, was released in theaters on November 19, 2004, and a sequel was released on February 6, 2015. In 2018, the series began airing its twelfth season.[6]

The series has won a variety of awards, including six Annie Awards, eight Golden Reel Awards, four Emmy Awards, 16 Kids' Choice Awards, and two BAFTA Children's Awards. Despite its widespread popularity, the series has been involved in several public controversies, including one centered on speculation over SpongeBob's intended sexual orientation. In 2011, a newly described species of fungus, Spongiforma squarepantsii, was named after the cartoon's title character. A Broadway musical based on the series opened in 2017 to critical acclaim.[7]

On February 14, 2019, it was announced that a SpongeBob SquarePants spin-off is in development.[8]

Past seasons were previously available in the United States on Netflix, but are now available through Amazon Prime Video, with a limited amount for free with select public library cards on Hoopla.[9] Many episodes are also available through Nickelodeon's website, on demand, and app. New episodes were previously available three weeks after their first broadcast airing on Hulu, but this has been migrated to Nickelodeon's website and platform.[10]

Premise Edit

Characters Edit

The series revolves around its title character and his various friends. SpongeBob SquarePants is an energetic and optimistic sea sponge who physically resembles a rectangular kitchen sponge. He lives in a submerged pineapple with his pet snail Gary (who meows like a cat) and has a childlike enthusiasm for life - which carries over to his job as a fry cook at a fast food restaurant called the Krusty Krab. SpongeBob's favorite pastimes include "jellyfishing" (which involves catching jellyfish with a net in a manner similar to butterfly catching) and blowing soap bubbles into elaborate shapes.

BroadcastEdit

EpisodesEdit

Main article: List of SpongeBob SquarePants episodes

ReferencesEdit

  1. Hillenburg, Stephen. (2003). The Origin of SpongeBob SquarePants. SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete First Season [DVD]. Paramount Home Entertainment.
  2. Banks 2004, p. 10
  3. Gates, Anita (July 11, 1999). "Television / Radio; The Tide Pool as Talent Pool (It Had to Happen)". New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. Deb, Sopan (November 27, 2017). "With a Singing SpongeBob, Nickelodeon Aims for a Broadway Splash". New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2017. 
  5. Casetext. https://casetext.com/case/walker-v-viacom-international. Accesat la October 11, 2016. 
  6. @VincentWaller72 (May 5, 2017). „It is OFFICIAL!!! SpongeBob Season 12!!!! #SpongeBobSquarePants. https://twitter.com/VincentWaller72/status/860648340857380864. 
  7. Gold, Michael (May 2, 2018). "Before the Tonys, SpongeBob Seized the Culture With Memes". New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2018. 
  8. Zachary, Brandon (February 14, 2019). „SpongeBob SquarePants Spinoffs in the Works From Nickelodeon”. Comic Book Resources. https://www.cbr.com/spongebob-squarepants-spinoff-nickelodeon. Accesat la February 14, 2019. 
  9. https://www.cordcuttersnews.com/viacom-teams-hoopla-local-library-free-streaming/
  10. https://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/10/09/spongebob-and-others-come-to-hulu/

External linksEdit

Episodes of SpongeBob SquarePants have been nominated for a variety of different awards, including 17 Annie Awards (with six wins),[7] 17 Golden Reel Awards (with eight wins),[8] 15 Emmy Awards (with one win),[9] 16 Kids' Choice Awards (with 15 wins),[10] and four BAFTA Children's Awards (with two wins).[11] Several compilation DVDs have been released. In addition, the first ten seasons have been released on DVD, and are available for Regions 1, 2 and 4 as of Template:Dts.[12][13][14]

Series overviewEdit

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EpisodesEdit

Season 1 (1999–2000)Edit

The first season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 20 episodes (41 segments). This is the only season that used cel animation.[15] Script error

Season 2 (2000–03)Edit

The second season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 20 episodes (39 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[16] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 2)

Season 3 (2001–04)Edit

The third season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 20 episodes (37 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[17] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 3)

Season 4 (2005–07)Edit

The fourth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 20 episodes (38 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[18] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 4)

Season 5 (2007–09)Edit

The fifth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 20 episodes (41 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[19] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 5)

Season 6 (2008–10)Edit

The sixth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 26 episodes (47 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[20] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 6)

Season 7 (2009–11)Edit

The seventh season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 26 episodes (50 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[21] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 7)

Season 8 (2011–12)Edit

The eighth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 26 episodes (47 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.[22] SpongeBob SquarePants (season 8)

Season 9 (2012–17)Edit

The ninth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 26 episodes (49 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order. SpongeBob SquarePants (season 9)

Season 10 (2016–17)Edit

The tenth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 11 episodes (22 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order. It is the shortest season, lacking the usual 26 episode length. SpongeBob SquarePants (season 10)

Season 11 (2017–18)Edit

The eleventh season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 26 episodes (50 segments), which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order.

The eleventh season of the American television series SpongeBob SquarePants was announced on February 16, 2016. A total of 26 half-hour episodes were produced for this season, bringing the number of episodes up to 241. Season 11 was confirmed to be taking place by Nickelodeon on March 2, 2016. Season 11 premiered with the episodes "Spot Returns" and "The Check-Up" on June 24, 2017, and ended with "Goons on the Moon" on November 25, 2018.

This season was the final season completed before Stephen Hillenburg's passing by ALS on November 26, 2018, and is thusly the last season the creator worked on.


ReceptionEdit

Season 11 received extremely favorable reviews from fans and critics, with many citing episodes such as "My Leg!," "Doodle Dimension" and "Karen's Virus" as some of the best in the entire series.

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Season 12 (2018–19)Edit

The twelfth season of SpongeBob SquarePants consists of 26 episodes, which are ordered below by production number and not their original broadcast order. This was the last season that series creator, Stephen Hillenburg was involved in before his death from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis on November 26, 2018 at age 57. SpongeBob SquarePants (season 12)

FilmsEdit

The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie (2004)Edit

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The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water (2015)Edit

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The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge on the Run (2020)Edit

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NotesEdit

  1. Nellie Andreeva (July 17, 2019). „SpongeBob SquarePants Renewed for Season 13 by Nickelodeon on Heels of Strong Ratings for Anniversary Special”. Deadline Hollywood. https://deadline.com/2019/07/spongebob-squarepants-renewed-season-13-nickelodeon-anniversary-special-ratings-1202647458/. 
  2. The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie (2004)”. Box Office Mojo. https://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=spongebob.htm. Accesat la January 18, 2014. 
  3. Walsh-Boyle, Megan (November 12, 2007). „Grammy Winner David Bowie Lends His Voice to SpongeBob”. TV Guide. https://tvguide.com/news/atlantis-squarepantis-bowie-40418.aspx. Accesat la May 27, 2013. 
  4. Nickelodeon Taps Patrick Creadon and Christine O'Malley to Produce First-Ever SpongeBob...”. Reuters. January 19, 2009. Archived from the original on August 25, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140825100641/https://www.reuters.com/article/2009/01/19/idUS145869%2B19-Jan-2009%2BPRN20090119. Accesat la December 15, 2013. 
  5. Zahed, Ramid (July 24, 2009). „Soaking in Festivities”. Animation. http://www.animationmagazine.net/tv/soaking-in-the-festivities/. Accesat la May 19, 2013. 
  6. The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water (2015). https://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=spongebob2.htm. Accesat la May 26, 2015. 
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Annie_Awards
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Golden_Reel_Awards
  9. Staff (2010). „Winners of the 37th Annual Daytime Entertainment Creative Arts Emmy® Awards”. Emmy Award. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on April 3, 2014. https://www.webcitation.org/6OY5SyaL5?url=http://cdn.emmyonline.org/day_37th_winners_creative.pdf. Accesat la April 3, 2014. 
  10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Kids.27_Choice_Awards
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BAFTA_Children.27s_Awards
  12. SpongeBob SquarePants (1999)”. TVShowsonDVD.com. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080417085105/http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/shows/SpongeBob-SquarePants/3944. Accesat la April 27, 2008. 
  13. Spongebob Squarepants – Season 8 [DVD]”. Amazon.co.uk. https://www.amazon.co.uk/Spongebob-Squarepants-Season-8-DVD/dp/B00DW679G2/. Accesat la July 30, 2015. 
  14. Spongebob Squarepants – Season 8”. JB Hi-Fi. http://www.jbhifionline.com.au/dvd/dvd-genres/kids-family/spongebob-squarepants-season-8/691656. Accesat la July 30, 2015. 
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S1
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S2
  17. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S3
  18. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S4
  19. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S5
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S6
  21. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S7
  22. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General-S8

ReferencesEdit

Works citedEdit

External linksEdit

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