Bernard Stanley "Acker" Bilk, MBE (28 January 1929 – 2 November 2014) was an English clarinettist and vocalist known for his appearance – goatee, bowler hat and striped waistcoat – and breathy, vibrato-rich, lower-register clarinet style.
Bilk's 1962 instrumental tune "Stranger on the Shore" became the UK's biggest selling single of 1962: it was in the UK charts for more than 50 weeks, peaked at number two, and was the first No. 1 single in the United States by a British artist in the era of the modern Billboard Hot 100 pop chart.
Bilk was born in Pensford, Somerset, in 1929. He earned the nickname "Acker" from the Somerset slang for "friend" or "mate". His parents tried to teach him the piano but, as a boy, Bilk found it restricted his love of outdoor activities, including football. He lost two front teeth in a school fight and half a finger in a sledging accident, both of which he claimed affected his eventual clarinet style.
On leaving school Bilk joined the workforce of W.D. & H.O. Wills's cigarette factory in Bristol; he stayed there for three years, putting tobacco in the cooling room and then pushing tobacco through a blower. He then undertook three years of National Service with the Royal Engineers in the Suez Canal Zone. He learned the clarinet there after his sapper friend, John A. Britten, gave him one bought at a bazaar and for which Britten had no use. The clarinet had no reed, so Britten fashioned a makeshift one for the instrument from scrap wood. Bilk later borrowed a better instrument from the army and kept it after demobilisation. After National Service, Bilk joined his uncle's blacksmith business and qualified in the trade.
Bilk played with friends on the Bristol jazz circuit and in 1951 moved to London to play with Ken Colyer's band. Bilk disliked London, so returned west and formed his own band in Pensford called the Chew Valley Jazzmen, which was renamed the Bristol Paramount Jazz Band when they moved to London in 1951. Their agent then booked them for a six-month gig in Düsseldorf, Germany, playing in a beer bar seven hours a night, seven nights a week. During this time, Bilk and the band developed their distinctive style and appearance, complete with striped-waistcoats and bowler hats.
After returning from Germany, Bilk became based in Plaistow, London, and his band played in London jazz clubs. It was from here that Bilk became part of the boom in Trad jazz in the United Kingdom in the late 1950s. In 1960, their single "Summer Set" (a pun on their home county), co-written by Bilk and pianist Dave Collett, reached number five on the UK Singles Chart, and began a run of 11 chart hit singles. In 1961 "Acker Bilk and His Paramount Jazz Band" appeared at the Royal Variety Performance.
Bilk was not an internationally known musician until 1962, when the experimental use of a string ensemble on one of his albums and the inclusion of a composition of his own as its keynote piece won him an audience outside the UK. He had composed a melody, entitled "Jenny" after his daughter, but was asked to change the title to "Stranger on the Shore" for use in a British television series. He went on to record it as the title track of a new album in which his deep and quavering clarinet was backed by the Leon Young String Chorale.
The single was not only a big hit in the United Kingdom, where it stayed on the charts for 55 weeks, helped by Bilk being the subject of the TV show This Is Your Life, but also topped the American charts. As a result, Bilk was the second British artist to have a single in the number-one position on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. (Vera Lynn was the first, with "Auf Wiederseh'n Sweetheart" in 1952.) "Stranger on the Shore" sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. At the height of his career, Bilk's public relations workers were known as the "Bilk Marketing Board", a pun on the Milk Marketing Board.
Bilk recorded a series of albums in Britain that were also released successfully in the United States (on the Atlantic Records subsidiary Atco), including a collaboration, Together, with the Danish jazz pianist and composer Bent Fabric ("The Alley Cat"). Bilk's success tapered off when British rock and roll made its big international impact beginning in 1964 and he shifted direction to the cabaret circuit. He finally had another chart success in 1976 with "Aria", which went to number five in the United Kingdom. In May 1977 Bilk and his Paramount Jazz Band provided the interval act for the Eurovision Song Contest. His last chart appearance was in 1978, when the TV-promoted album released on Pye/Warwick, Evergreen, reached 17 in a 14-week album chart run. In the early 1980s, Bilk and his signature hit were newly familiar, due to "Stranger on the Shore" being used in the soundtrack to Sweet Dreams, the film biography of country music singer Patsy Cline. "Aria" featured as a central musical motif in the 2012 Polish film Mój rower (pl).
Bilk continued to tour with his Paramount Jazz Band, as well as performing concerts with his two contemporaries, Chris Barber and Kenny Ball, both of whom were born in 1930, as "The 3Bs". Bilk also provided vocals on many of his tracks, including on "I'm an Old Cowhand", "The Folks Who Live on the Hill", "White Cliffs of Dover", "Travellin On" and "That's My Home".
In 2005 he was awarded the BBC Jazz Awards' "Gold Award".
One of his recordings was with the Chris Barber band, sharing the clarinet spot with the band's regular reedsmen, John Crocker and Ian Wheeler. Bilk made a CD with Wally Fawkes for the Lake label in 2002. He appeared on three albums by Van Morrison: Down the Road; What's Wrong With This Picture?; and Born to Sing: No Plan B.
In 2012 Bilk said that, after fifty years, he was "fed up" with playing his most famous tune, "Stranger on the Shore".
Bilk died in Bath, Somerset, on 2 November 2014, at the age of 85. He was survived by his wife and two children.
Bilk's last recorded interview was for Cornish community station Penwith Radio and was broadcast on Sunday 16 November 2014 at 9:00 pm.
Bilk married his childhood sweetheart, Jean Hawkins, whom he met in the same class at school. The couple had two children: Jenny and Pete. After living near London in Potters Bar for many years the couple retired to Pensford.
In 1997, Bilk was diagnosed with throat cancer, which was treated through surgery and then followed by daily radiation therapy at Bristol Haematology and Oncology Centre. Subsequently he had eight keyhole operations for bladder cancer and suffered a minor stroke.
Bilk has been described as the "Great Master of the Clarinet". "Stranger on the Shore" – which he was once quoted as calling "my old-age pension" – remains a standard of jazz and popular music alike.
1960 The Seven Ages of Acker 6 Columbia Omnibus 14 Pye 1961 Acker 17 Columbia Golden Treasury of Bilk 11 The Best of Barber and Bilk (with Chris Barber) 4 Pye The Best of Barber and Bilk Volume 2 (with Chris Barber) 8 1962 Stranger on the Shore 6 Columbia The Best of Ball, Barber and Bilk (with Kenny Ball and Chris Barber) 1 Pye 1963 A Taste of Honey 17 Columbia 1966 Mood For Love - Atco 1976 The One for Me 38 Pye 1977 Sheer Magic 5 Warwick 1978 Evergreen 17
1958 Mr. Acker Bilk Marches On — Pye 1959 Mister Acker Bilk Sings — Master Acker Bilk — Esquire Mister Acker Bilk and His Paramount Jazz Band Volume 1 — Melodisc Mr. Acker Bilk Requests - Part 1 — Pye Acker's Away — Columbia Mr. Acker Bilk Requests - Part 2 — Pye 1960 Mister Acker Bilk and His Paramount Jazz Band Volume 2 50 Melodisc Mister Acker Bilk and His Paramount Jazz Band Volume 3 — Mister Acker Bilk and His Paramount Jazz Band Volume 4 — The Seven Ages of Acker — Columbia The Seven Ages of Acker Volume 2 — Clarinet Jamboree Part 1 — 1961 Acker Volume 1 — Acker Volume 2 — 1962 A Golden Treasury of Bilk 1 — Four Hits and a Mister — A Golden Treasury of Bilk Volume 2 — Band of Thieves — Mr. Acker Bilk's Lansdowne Folio - Volume 1 — 1963 Bilk and Bossa — Four More Hits and a Mister — Manana — 1964 Snag It — Arc 1965 Franklin Street Blues —
1956 "Dippermouth Blues" — Tempo 1960 "Summer Set" 5 Columbia "Marching Through Georgia" — Pye "White Cliffs of Dover" 30 Columbia "C.R.E. March" — Pye "Blaze Away" — "Under the Double Eagle" — "El Abanico" — "Dardanella" — "Gladiolus Rag" — "Buona Sera" 7 Columbia 1961 "Sweet Elizabeth" — "That's My Home" 7 "The Stars and Stripes Forever" 22 "Stranger on the Shore" 2 1962 "Frankie and Johnny" 42 "Gotta See Baby Tonight" 24 "Lonely" 14 1963 "A Taste of Honey" 16 "Manana Pasado Manana" — "Moonlight Tango" — "The Harem" — 1964 "Bustamento" — "Dream Ska" — 1965 "Mona Lisa" — 1966 "Petite Fleur" — "La Playa" — 1967 "The Girl with the Sun in Her Hair" — 1969 "When I'm Away" — 1970 "Thomas O'Malley Cat" — 1971 "Irish Lullaby" — 1972 "Burgundy Street" — Pye 1974 "When I See You Smile Again" — 1975 "Canios Tune" — 1976 "Homecoming" — "Good Morning" — "Aria" 5 "Incontro" — 1977 "Love Theme" — "Dancing in the Dark" — 1978 "Universe" — "Mister Men Theme" — "Theme from The Incredible Hulk" — 1979 "Aranjuez Mon Amour" — 1980 "Song for Guy" — Piccadilly "I Like Beer" (with Max Bygraves) — "You Say Something Nice About Everybody" — "Verde" — "On Sunday" — 1981 "Find a Way" — PRT
West Country dialects Django Reinhardt, another influential jazz musician whose dexterity seemed unimpaired by finger-damage
1.Jump up ^ "Acker Bilk 'fed up' with Stranger on the Shore". BBC. Retrieved 2 November 2014 2.^ Jump up to: a b Richard S. Ginell (1929-01-28). "Acker Bilk | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 3.^ Jump up to: a b c d "Biography". Ackers Music Agency. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 4.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f "Acker Bilk marks 80th birthday". ThisIsBristol.co.uk. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 5.Jump up ^ "Acker Bilk". 45rpm. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 6.Jump up ^ Roberts, Dave (2009). Guinness British Hit Singles. Guinness Superlatives. p. 65. 7.Jump up ^ "The Royal Variety Performance 1961 (TV Movie 1961)". IMDb. 12 November 1961. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 8.Jump up ^ "Mr. Acker Bilk & the Paramount Jazz Band". Regent Centre. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 9.Jump up ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 131–132. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 10.Jump up ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest — The Official History. 2010 Carlton Books, UK. ISBN 978-1-84732-521-1 11.Jump up ^ "BBC News - Acker Bilk 'fed up' with Stranger on the Shore". BBC News. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 12.^ Jump up to: a b Leigh, Spencer (4 November 2014). "Acker Bilk: Clarinettist and bandleader who became best known for his sweetly melancholic 'Stranger on the Shore'". The Independent. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 13.Jump up ^ "Jazz legend Acker Bilk dies aged 85". BBC News. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 14.Jump up ^ "Penwith Radio airs final interview with jazz great Acker Bilk". 15.Jump up ^ "Acker Bilk". Storyville. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 16.Jump up ^ Bogdanov (ed.), Vladimir (2002). All Music Guide to Jazz: The Definitive Guide to Jazz Music. San Francisco: AMG. p. 110. 17.Jump up ^ "Official UK Charts - Acker Bilk". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 18.^ Jump up to: a b "45cat - Acker Bilk discography". 45cat.com. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 19.^ Jump up to: a b "Official UK Charts - Acker Bilk". Officialcharts/com. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
Official website Acker Bilk at the Internet Movie Database Bilk recalls his appearance on This Is Your Life On being appointed an honorary Master of Arts at Bristol University Acker Bilk at Find a Grave