"'68" redirects here. For the 1988 film, see '68 (film). For the American rock band, see '68 (band). For the 2013 album, see '68 (album). For the comic book series, see '68 (comic book).

This article is about the year 1968.

Millennium: 2nd millennium

Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century

Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s – 1960s – 1970s 1980s 1990s

Years: 1965 1966 1967 – 1968 – 1969 1970 1971

1968 by topic: Subject Archaeology ·

Architecture · 
Art · 
Aviation · 
Awards · 
Comics · 
Film · 

Literature (Poetry)


Music (Country ·

Rail transport · 
Radio · 
Science · 
Spaceflight · 
Sports · 
Television · 

By country Australia ·

Bangladesh · 
Canada · 

France ·

Germany · 

India ·

Ireland · 
Iran · 
Israel · 

Japan ·

Luxembourg · 

Malaysia ·

Mexico · 
New Zealand · 
Norway · 

Pakistan ·

Philippines ·

Singapore ·

South Africa · 

Sweden ·

Turkey · 
United Kingdom · 
United States · 

Leaders Sovereign states ·

State leaders · 
Religious leaders · 

Birth and death categories Births ·


Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments ·


Works and introductions categories Works ·


v ·

t · 

1968 in other calendars

Gregorian calendar 1968 MCMLXVIII Ab urbe condita 2721 Armenian calendar 1417 ԹՎ ՌՆԺԷ Assyrian calendar 6718 Bahá'í calendar 124–125 Bengali calendar 1375 Berber calendar 2918 British Regnal year 16 Eliz. 2 – 17 Eliz. 2 Buddhist calendar 2512 Burmese calendar 1330 Byzantine calendar 7476–7477 Chinese calendar 丁未年 (Fire Goat)

4664 or 4604
    — to —

戊申年 (Earth Monkey)

4665 or 4605 

Coptic calendar 1684–1685 Discordian calendar 3134 Ethiopian calendar 1960–1961 Hebrew calendar 5728–5729 Hindu calendars

- Vikram Samvat 2024–2025 
- Shaka Samvat 1890–1891 
- Kali Yuga 5069–5070 

Holocene calendar 11968 Igbo calendar 968–969 Iranian calendar 1346–1347 Islamic calendar 1387–1388 Japanese calendar Shōwa 43 (昭和43年) Juche calendar 57 Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days Korean calendar 4301 Minguo calendar ROC 57 民國57年 Thai solar calendar 2511 This box: view ·

talk · 
Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1968. 

1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade. This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

Contents 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Nobel Prizes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links



January 30: Tet begins.January 5 – Prague Spring: Alexander Dubček is chosen as the leader of the Communist Party in Czechoslovakia.[1] January 8 – British Prime Minister Harold Wilson endorses the I'm Backing Britain campaign for working an additional half hour each day without pay.[2] January 14 – The Green Bay Packers defeat the Oakland Raiders by the score of 33-14 in Super Bowl II at the Miami Orange Bowl. January 15 – An earthquake in Sicily kills 380 and injures around 1,000.[3][4] January 17 – Lyndon B. Johnson calls for the non-conversion of the U.S. dollar. January 21 Vietnam War – Battle of Khe Sanh: One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins, ending on April 8. A U.S. B-52 Stratofortress crashes in Greenland, discharging 4 nuclear bombs.

January 22 – Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts on NBC. January 23 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial waters while spying. January 25 – The Israeli submarine INS Dakar sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 69.

January 23 USS PuebloJanuary 28 – The French submarine Minerve sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 52. January 30 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins, as Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks across South Vietnam. January 31 Việt Cộng soldiers attack the US Embassy, Saigon. Nauru president Hammer DeRoburt declares independence from Australia.

February February 1 Vietnam War: A Viet Cong officer named Nguyễn Văn Lém is executed by Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, a South Vietnamese National Police Chief. The event is photographed by Eddie Adams. The photo makes headlines around the world, eventually winning the 1969 Pulitzer Prize, and sways U.S. public opinion against the war. The Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad merge to form Penn Central, the largest ever corporate merger up to this date.

February 6–February 18 – The 1968 Winter Olympics are held in Grenoble, France. February 8 – American civil rights movement: A civil rights protest staged at a white-only bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina is broken up by highway patrolmen; 3 college students are killed. February 11 Border clashes take place between Israel and Jordan. Madison Square Garden in New York City opens at its current location.

February 12 – Vietnam War: Phong Nhị and Phong Nhất massacre. February 13 – Civil rights disturbances occur at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. February 17 – Administrative reforms in Romania divide the country into 39 counties. February 19 The Florida Education Association (FEA) initiates a mass resignation of teachers to protest state funding of education. This is, in effect, the first statewide teachers' strike in the United States. NET televises the very first episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.

February 24 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Huế. February 25 – Vietnam War: Hà My massacre. February 27 – Ex-Teenagers singer Frankie Lymon is found dead from a heroin overdose in Harlem.

March March 7 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon ends. March 8 – The first student protests spark the 1968 Polish political crisis. March 10–11 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the then-secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War. March 11 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support the ASCII character encoding.[5] March 12 Mauritius achieves independence from British rule. U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson barely edges out antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy in the New Hampshire Democratic primary, a vote which highlights the deep divisions in the country, and the party, over Vietnam.

March 13 – The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina. March 14 – Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah. March 15 – British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns. March 16 Vietnam War – My Lai Massacre: American troops kill scores of civilians. The story will first become public in November 1969 and will help undermine public support for the U.S. efforts in Vietnam. U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy enters the race for the Democratic Party presidential nomination.

March 17 – A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War leads to violence; 91 people are injured, 200 demonstrators arrested. March 18 – Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency. March 19–March 23 – Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum. March 21 – Vietnam War: In ongoing campus unrest, Howard University students protesting the Vietnam War, the ROTC program on campus and the draft, confront Gen. Lewis Hershey, then head of the U.S. Selective Service System, and as he attempts to deliver an address, shout him down with cries of "America is the Black man's battleground!" March 22 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May. March 24 – Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew. March 26 – Joan Baez marries activist David Harris in New York. March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship. March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election.

April April 2 Bombs explode at midnight in two department stores in Frankfurt-am-Main; Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin are later arrested and sentenced for arson. The film 2001: A Space Odyssey premieres in Washington, D.C.

April 3 – The American movie Planet of the Apes is released in theaters. April 4 Martin Luther King, Jr. is shot dead at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Riots erupt in major American cities, lasting for several days afterwards. Apollo program: Apollo-Saturn mission 502 (Apollo 6) is launched, as the second and last unmanned test-flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle.

April 6 La, la, la by Massiel (music and lyrics by Manuel de la Calva and Ramón Arcusa) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1968 for Spain, at the Royal Albert Hall in London. A shootout between Black Panthers and Oakland police results in several arrests and deaths, including 16-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton. A double explosion in downtown Richmond, Indiana kills 41 and injures 150.

April 7 – Racing driver Jim Clark is killed in a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim. April 8 – The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (under Department of Justice) (BNDD) is created. April 10 – The ferry TEV Wahine strikes a reef at the mouth of Wellington Harbour, New Zealand, with the loss of 53 lives, in Cyclone Giselle, which created the windiest conditions ever recorded in New Zealand. April 11 Josef Bachmann tries to assassinate Rudi Dutschke, leader of the left-wing movement (APO) in Germany, and tries to commit suicide afterwards, failing in both, although Dutschke dies of his brain injuries 11 years later. German left-wing students blockade the Springer Press HQ in Berlin and many are arrested (one of them Ulrike Meinhof). U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968. MGM's classic film The Wizard of Oz makes its NBC debut after being telecast on CBS since 1956. It will remain on NBC for the next 8 years.

April 20 English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.

April 23 President Mobutu releases captured mercenaries in the Congo. Surgeons at the Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, perform Europe's first heart transplant, on Clovis Roblain. The United Methodist Church is created by the union of the former Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren churches.

April 23–April 30 – Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university (see main article Columbia University protests of 1968). April 26 – The nuclear weapon "Boxcar" is tested at the Nevada Test Site in the biggest detonation of Operation Crosstie. April 29 – The musical Hair officially opens on Broadway.

May May 2 – The Israel Broadcasting Authority commences television broadcasts. May 3 – Braniff Flight 352 crashes near Dawson, Texas, killing all 85 persons on board. May 13 – Paris student riots: One million march through the streets of Paris. May 13 – Manchester City wins the 1967–68 Football League First Division by 2 clear points, over club rivals Manchester United May 14 – The Beatles announce the creation of Apple Records in a New York press conference. May 15 – An outbreak of severe thunderstorms produces tornadoes, causing massive damage and heavy casualties in Charles City, Iowa, Oelwein, Iowa, and Jonesboro, Arkansas. May 16 – Ronan Point, a 23 floor tower block in Canning Town, east London, partially collapses after a gas explosion, killing 5. May 17 – The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War. May 18 – West Bromwich Albion win the Football Association Cup, defeating Everton 1-0 after extra time. The winning goal was scored by Jeff Astle. May 19 A general election is held in Italy. Nigerian forces capture Port Harcourt and form a ring around the Biafrans. This contributes to a humanitarian disaster as the surrounded population already suffers from hunger and starvation.

May 22 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Azores. May 29 – Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so. May 30 – Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500.

June June 1 – Helen Keller dies at the age of 87 years. June 3 – Radical feminist Valerie Solanas shoots Andy Warhol as he enters his studio, wounding him. June 4 – The Standard & Poor's 500 index closes above 100 for the first time, at 100.38. June 4 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau becomes the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.[6] June 5 – U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies from his injuries the next day. June 8 – James Earl Ray is arrested for the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.. June 10 – Italy beats Yugoslavia 2–0 in a replay to win the 1968 European Championship. The original final on June 8 ended 1–1. June 12 – The film Rosemary's Baby premieres in the U.S. June 17 – The Malayan Communist Party launches a second insurgency and the state of emergency is again imposed in Malaysia. June 20 – Austin Currie, Member of Parliament at Stormont in Northern Ireland, along with others, squats a house in Caledon to protest discrimination in housing allocations. June 23 – A football stampede in Buenos Aires leaves 74 dead and 150 injured. June 24 – Giorgio Rosa declares the independence of his Republic of Rose Island, an artificial island off Rimini, Italy. Italian troops demolish it not long after. June 26 – The Bonin Islands are returned to Japan after 23 years of occupation by the United States Navy. June 30 – The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy heavy military transport aircraft first flies in the U.S. This model will still be in service 40 years later.

July July 1 The Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty opens for signature.

July 4 – Yachtsman Alec Rose, 59, receives a hero's welcome as he sails into Portsmouth, England after his 354-day round-the-world trip. July 15 – The soap opera One Life to Live premieres on ABC.

July 17 – Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a coup d'état. July 18 – The semiconductor company Intel is founded. July 20 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities. July 23–July 28 – Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. July 25 – Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled Humanae vitae, condemning birth control. July 26 – Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Trương Đình Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war. July 29 – Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time in centuries. July 30 – Thames Television starts transmission in London.

August August 5–August 8 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. President and Spiro Agnew for Vice President. August 11 – The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Railways steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and return to Liverpool – the journey is known as the Fifteen Guinea Special. August 18 – Two charter buses are pushed into the Hida River on National Highway Route 41 in Japan, in an accident caused by heavy rain; 104 are killed. August 20–August 21 – The Prague Spring of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 planes invade Czechoslovakia. It is dated as the biggest operation in Europe since WWII ended. August 21 – The Medal of Honor is posthumously awarded to James Anderson, Jr.—he is the first black U.S. Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor. August 24 – France explodes its first hydrogen bomb. August 22–August 30 – Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago, Illinois, outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. President, and Edmund Muskie for Vice President. The riots and subsequent trials were an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party. August 28 – John Gordon Mein, US Ambassador to Guatemala, is assassinated on the streets of Guatemala City. First US Ambassador assassinated in the line of duty. August 29 – Crown Prince Harald of Norway marries Sonja Haraldsen, the commoner he has dated for 9 years, in Oslo.

September September 6 Swaziland becomes independent. 150 women (members of New York Radical Women) arrive in Atlantic City, New Jersey to protest against the Miss America Pageant, as exploitative of women. Led by activist and author Robin Morgan, it is one of the first large demonstrations of Second Wave Feminism as Women's Liberation begins to gather much media attention.

September 11 The International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) is founded. French General René Cogny and 94 others die in an Air France Caravelle jetliner crash near Nice in the Mediterranean.

September 13 Albania officially retreats from the Warsaw Pact upon the Soviet Union-led Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, having already ceased to participate actively in Pact activity since 1962. US Army Maj. Gen. Keith L. Ware, WWII Medal of Honor recipient, is killed when his helicopter is shot down in Vietnam. He is posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. Agreement for merger between the General Electric Company and English Electric, the largest industrial merger in the UK up to this date.

September 14 – Detroit Tiger Denny McLain becomes the first baseball pitcher to win 30 games in a season since 1934. He remains the last to accomplish the feat. September 17 – The D'Oliveira affair: The Marylebone Cricket Club tour of South Africa is cancelled when the South Africans refuse to accept the presence of Basil D'Oliveira, a Cape Coloured, in the side. September 20 – Hawaii 5-O debuts on CBS, and eventually becomes the longest-running crime show in television history, until Law & Order overtakes it in 2003. September 21 – The Soviet's Zond 5 unmanned lunar flyby mission returns to earth, with its first of a kind biological payload intact. September 23 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive comes to an end in South Vietnam. September 24 – 60 Minutes debuts on CBS and is still on the air as of 2016. September 27 – Marcelo Caetano becomes prime minister of Portugal. September 29 – A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta. September 30 – At Paine Field, near Everett, Washington in the United States, Boeing officially rolls out its new 747 for the media and the public.

October October 2 – Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution. October 5 – Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of The Troubles. October 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta. October 11 Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission (Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham). Mission goals include the first live television broadcast from orbit and testing the lunar module docking maneuver. In Panama, a military coup d'état, led by Col. Boris Martinez and Col. Omar Torrijos, overthrows the democratically elected (but highly controversial) government of President Arnulfo Arias. Within a year, Torrijos ousts Martinez and takes charge as de facto Head of Government in Panama.

October 12–October 27 – The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico. October 12 – Equatorial Guinea receives its independence from Spain. October 14 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours. October 15 – Led Zeppelin makes their first live performance, at Surrey University in England[7] October 16 In Mexico City, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their arms in a black power salute after winning, respectively, the gold and bronze medals in the Olympic men's 200 metres. Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney Riots, provoked by the banning of Walter Rodney from the country.

October 20 – Former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the Greek island of Skorpios. October 22 – The Gun Control Act of 1968 is enacted. October 31 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.

November November 5 U.S. presidential election, 1968: Republican challenger Richard Nixon defeats the Democratic candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and American Independent Party candidate George C. Wallace. Luis A. Ferré, of the newly formed New Progressive Party is elected Governor of Puerto Rico, by beating incumbent governor Roberto Sánchez Vilella of the People's Party, Luis Negrón López of the Popular Democratic Party and Antonio J. Gonzalez of the Puerto Rican Independence Party, he also becomes the first "statehooder" governor of the Island.

November 11 Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt is initiated to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. By the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs are dropped on Laos, slowing but not seriously disrupting trail operations. A second republic is declared in the Maldives.

November 14 – Yale University announces it is going to admit women. November 17 – The Heidi Game: NBC cuts off the final 1:05 of an Oakland Raiders–New York Jets football game to broadcast the pre-scheduled Heidi. Fans are unable to see Oakland (which had been trailing 32–29) score 2 late touchdowns to win 43–32; as a result, thousands of outraged football fans flood the NBC switchboards to protest. November 19 – In Mali, President Modibo Keïta's regime is overthrown in a bloodless military coup led by Moussa Traoré.[8] November 20 – The Farmington Mine disaster in Farmington, West Virginia, kills seventy-eight men. November 22 The Beatles release their self-titled album popularly known as the White Album. "Plato's Stepchildren", 12th episode of Star Trek 3rd season is aired, featuring the first-ever interracial kiss on U.S. national television between Lieutenant Uhura and Captain James T. Kirk.

November 24 – 4 men hijack Pan Am Flight 281 from JFK International Airport, New York to Havana, Cuba. November 26 – Vietnam War: United States Air Force First Lieutenant and Bell UH-1F helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire, earning a Medal of Honor for his bravery. November 27–30 – First National Women's Liberation Conference in Lake Villa, Illinois.

December December 3 – If I Can Dream marks the concert return of Elvis Presley. December 6 – The Rolling Stones release Beggars Banquet, which contains the classic song "Sympathy for the Devil." December 9 – Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates his pioneering hypertext system, NLS, in San Francisco, together with the computer mouse, at what becomes retrospectively known as "The Mother of All Demos". December 10 – Japan's biggest heist, the never-solved "300 million yen robbery", occurs in Tokyo. December 11 – The film Oliver!, based on the hit London and Broadway musical, opens in the U.S. after being released first in England. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus is also filmed on this date, but not released until 1996.

December 13 – Prompted by growing unrest and proliferation of pro-communist terrorist actions, Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva enacts the so-called AI-5, the fifth of a series of non-constitutional emergency decrees that helped stabilize the country after the turmoils of the early 1960s. December 17 – 11-year-old Mary Bell is found guilty of murdering two small boys and sentenced to life in Detention, but is later released from prison in 1980 and granted anonymity. December 20 – The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road, Benicia, San Francisco Bay, California. December 22 David Eisenhower, grandson of former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, marries Julie Nixon, the daughter of U.S. President-elect Richard Nixon. Mao Zedong advocates that educated youth in urban China be re-educated in the country. It marks the start of the "Up to the mountains and down to the villages" movement.

December 24 – Apollo program: U.S. spacecraft Apollo 8 enters orbit around the Moon. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William A. Anders become the first humans to see the far side of the Moon and planet Earth as a whole. The crew also reads from Genesis. December 26 – Led Zeppelin make their American debut in Denver, CO. December 28 – Israeli forces launch an attack on Beirut airport, destroying more than a dozen aircraft.

Dates unknown The Khmer Rouge is officially formed in Cambodia as an offshoot movement of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam to bring communism to the nation. A few years later, they will become bitter enemies. Mattel's Hot Wheels toy cars are introduced. United Artists pulls eleven Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons in its library from television due to the depiction of racist stereotypes towards African-Americans. These cartoons come to be known as the Censored Eleven.



Cuba Gooding, Jr.

Felipe VI of SpainJanuary 1 – Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer January 2 – Cuba Gooding, Jr., American actor January 5 Andrzej Gołota, Polish boxer Carrie Ann Inaba, American choreographer, game show host and singer

January 6 – John Singleton, American film director and writer January 9 – Joey Lauren Adams, American actress January 12 Keith Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter Rachael Harris, American actress and comedian

January 13 – Pat Onstad, Canadian footballer January 14 – LL Cool J, American rapper and actor January 15 – Chad Lowe, American actor January 16 – Stephan Pastis, American cartoonist January 17 – Svetlana Masterkova, Russian athlete January 19 – Matt Hill, Canadian voice actor January 21 – Charlotte Ross, American actress January 23 – Yasuhiro Takato, Japanese voice actor January 24 Michael Kiske, German musician Mary Lou Retton, American gymnast

January 26 – Novala Takemoto, Japanese author and fashion designer January 27 – Mike Patton, American singer January 28 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer January 29 Edward Burns, American actor Sora Jung, Korean actress

January 30 – King Felipe VI of Spain


Josh Brolin

Molly RingwaldFebruary 1 Lisa Marie Presley, American singer Mark Recchi, Canadian ice hockey player

February 2 – Kenny Albert, American sports announcer February 3 Vlade Divac, Serbian basketball player Marwan Khoury, Lebanese singer and composer

February 5 Roberto Alomar, American baseball player Marcus Grönholm, Finnish rally driver Qasim Melho, Syrian television actor

February 7 Peter Bondra, Slovakian ice hockey player Porntip Nakhirunkanok, Miss Universe 1988

February 8 – Gary Coleman, American actor (d. 2010) February 10 Laurie Foell, New Zealand/Australian actress Atika Suri, Indonesian television newscaster

February 12 – Josh Brolin, American actor February 13 Kelly Hu, Asian-American actress and former fashion model Niamh Kavanagh, Irish singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1993 winner

February 14 – Jules Asner, American model and television personality February 15 – Gloria Trevi, Mexican singer and actress February 18 Molly Ringwald, American actress, singer and dancer Dennis Satin, German film director

February 21 – Nitin Ganatra – Kenyan-born English actor February 22 Delphine Boël, purported out-of-wedlock daughter of King Albert II of Belgium Brad Nowell, American musician (d. 1996) Jeri Ryan, American actress

February 25 Thomas G:son, Swedish composer and musician, co-writer of Euphoria Sandrine Kiberlain, French actress

February 27 – Matt Stairs, Canadian baseball player February 29 – Sam Sneed, American producer and rapper


Daniel Craig

Celine DionMarch 1 Kunjarani Devi, Indian weightlifter Muho Noelke, German Zen master

March 2 – Daniel Craig, British actor March 3 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player March 4 Giovanni Carrara, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player Patsy Kensit, British actress

March 5 – Gordon Bajnai, Hungarian Prime Minister March 6 – Moira Kelly, American actress March 7 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player March 10 – Thio Li-ann, Singaporean law academic and Nominated Member of Parliament March 11 – Lisa Loeb, American singer March 12 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor March 13 Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler Masami Okui, Japanese singer

March 14 – James Frain, British actor March 15 Mark McGrath, American singer (Sugar Ray) Terje Riis-Johansen, Norwegian politician

March 16 – Trevor Wilson, American basketball player March 18 – Shinichiro Miki, Japanese voice actor March 19 – Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat March 20 – Carlos Almeida, Cape Verdean long-distance runner March 22 – Euronymous, Norwegian musician (d. 1993) March 23 Damon Albarn, English singer-songwriter and musician (Blur) Mike Atherton, English cricketer Mitch Cullin, American novelist

March 26 Kenny Chesney, American country music singer James Iha, American rock musician

March 28 Iris Chang, American author (d. 2004) Nasser Hussain, English cricketer

March 29 – Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer March 30 – Céline Dion, Canadian singer


Patricia ArquetteApril 1 Julia Boutros, Lebanese singer Andreas Schnaas, German director

April 5 Paula Cole, American singer Stewart Lee, English stand-up comedian

April 8 – Patricia Arquette, American actress April 12 Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player Ott, English musician and record producer

April 13 – Jørn Stubberud, Norwegian musician April 14 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor and singer April 15 – Stacey Williams, American model April 16 – Martin Dahlin, Swedish football player April 17 – Julie Fagerholt, Danish fashion designer April 18 – David Hewlett, English-born Canadian actor, writer and director April 19 – Ashley Judd, American actress April 20 J.D. Roth, American television host Yelena Välbe, Russian cross-country skier

April 23 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001) April 24 Stacy Haiduk, American actress Yuji Nagata, Japanese professional wrestler

April 28 – Howard Donald, British singer (Take That) April 29 Michael Herbig, German film director, actor and author Darren Matthews, English professional wrestler Jürgen Vogel, German actor

April 30 – T. T. Boy, American porn producer and actor


Kylie MinogueMay 1 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer May 2 – Hikaru Midorikawa, Japanese voice actor May 7 – Traci Lords, American actress/porn star May 9 – Marie-José Pérec, French athlete May 12 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder May 13 – Sonja Zietlow, German television presenter May 16 – Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress May 17 – Constance Menard, French professional dressage rider May 20 Timothy Olyphant, American actor Waisale Serevi, Fijian rugby player

May 21 – Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (d. 1985) May 22 – Graham Linehan, Irish television writer and director May 24 – Charles De'Ath, English actor May 26 – Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark May 27 Jeff Bagwell, American baseball player Frank Thomas, American baseball player

May 28 – Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer May 30 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French-Moroccan 9/11 conspirator


Paolo MaldiniJune 1 Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer Karen Mulder, Dutch model and singer

June 2 Beetlejuice, member of the Wack Pack (The Howard Stern Show) Jon Culshaw, English impressionist

June 9 – Alexandr Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician June 10 Bill Burr, American comedian Nobutoshi Canna, Japanese voice actor

June 14 – Yasmine Bleeth, American actress June 20 – Robert Rodriguez, American film director June 21 – Sonique, British singer June 26 Paolo Maldini, Italian football player Iwan Roberts, Welsh footballer Shannon Sharpe, American football player and commentator

June 28 – Adam Woodyatt, British actor June 29 – Theoren Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player June 30 – Philip Anselmo, American musician

July July 5 – Ken Akamatsu, Japanese manga artist July 7 Jorja Fox, American actress Allen Payne, American actor Jeff VanderMeer, American writer

July 8 Billy Crudup, American actor Akio Suyama, Japanese voice actor Josephine Teo, Singaporean politician. Michael Weatherly, American actor

July 9 – Eduardo Santamarina, Mexican actor July 10 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete July 13 – Omi Minami, Japanese voice actress July 15 – Eddie Griffin, American actor and comedian July 16 Dhanraj Pillay, Indian field hockey player Barry Sanders, American football player

July 17 – Darren Day, British actor and TV presenter July 19 – Robert Flynn, American vocalist and guitarist (Machine Head) July 20 – Carlos Saldanha, Brazilian director July 21 – Johnnie Barnes, American football player July 23 Gary Payton, American basketball player Stephanie Seymour, American model and actress

July 24 Laura Leighton, American actress Kristin Chenoweth, American soprano and actress

July 27 – Julian McMahon, Australian actor July 30 – Terry Crews, American actor and former NFL player July 30 – Robert Korzeniowski, Polish athlete


Gillian Anderson

Eric BanaAugust 3 – Rod Beck, American baseball player (d. 2007) August 4 Lee Mack, British actor and stand-up comedian Olga Neuwirth, Austrian composer

August 5 Terri Clark, American country music singer Marine Le Pen, French politician Colin McRae, Scottish rally car driver (d. 2007)

August 9 Gillian Anderson, American actress Eric Bana, Australian actor James Roy, Australian author

August 10 – Greg Hawgood, Canadian ice hockey player August 11 – Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (d. 2009) August 12 Pablo Rey, Spanish painter Paul Tucker, English songwriter and record producer (Lighthouse Family) Kōji Yusa, Japanese voice actor

August 14 Catherine Bell, American actress Darren Clarke, Northern Irish professional golfer Jason Leonard, English rugby player

August 15 – Debra Messing, American actress August 17 Ed McCaffrey, American football player Bruno van Pottelsberghe, Belgian economist

August 20 – Yuri Shiratori Japanese actress and singer August 21 – Dina Carroll, British singer August 24 Shoichi Funaki, Japanese professional wrestler Hiroshi Kitadani, Japanese singer Tim Salmon, American baseball player

August 25 – Rachael Ray, American television chef and host August 27 – Luis Tascón, Venezuelan politician (d. 2010) August 28 – Billy Boyd, Scottish actor August 31 Valdon Dowiyogo, Nauruan politician and Australian football player Hideo Nomo, Japanese baseball player


Guy Ritchie

Will Smith

Mika Häkkinen

Naomi WattsSeptember 1 Mohamed Atta, 9/11 ringleader of the hijackers and pilot of American Airlines Flight 11 (d. 2001) Atsuko Yuya, Japanese voice actress

September 3 – Raymond Coulthard, English actor September 4 John DiMaggio, American voice actor Phill Lewis, American actor Mike Piazza, American baseball player

September 5 – Thomas Levet, French golfer September 7 Marcel Desailly, French footballer Lucy Robinson, British actress

September 9 – Julia Sawalha, English actress September 10 Big Daddy Kane, American hip-hop artist Guy Ritchie, British film director

September 11 Kay Hanley, American musician Tetsuo Kurata, Japanese actor

September 17 Anastacia Newkirk, American singer-songwriter Tito Vilanova, Spanish football manager (d. 2014)

September 18 – Toni Kukoč, Croatian basketball player September 20 Darrell Russell, American race car driver (d. 2004) Philippa Forrester, British TV presenter Leah Pinsent, Canadian actress

September 21 – Lisa Angell, French singer September 22 – Megan Hollingshead, American voice actress September 23 – Yvette Fielding, English television presenter September 25 Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau (d. 2013) John A. List, American economist Will Smith, American rapper and actor

September 26 James Caviezel, American actor Michelle Meldrum, American guitarist (d. 2008) Ben Shenkman, American television, film and stage actor Tricia O'Kelley, American actress

September 27 – Mari Kiviniemi, Prime Minister of Finland September 28 Mika Häkkinen, Finnish Formula One driver Naomi Watts, English-born Australian actress

September 29 Patrick Burns, American paranormal investigator and television personality Alex Skolnick, American jazz/heavy metal guitarist Samir Soni, Indian film and TV actor


Hugh Jackman

Didier DeschampsOctober 1 Mark Durden-Smith, British television presenter Jay Underwood, American actor

October 2 Lucy Cohu, English actress Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter

October 3 – Paul Crichton, English footballer October 7 Luminița Anghel, Romanian dance/pop recording artist, songwriter, TV personality and politician Thom Yorke, British singer/songwriter

October 8 Daniela Castelo, Argentine journalist (d. 2011) Emily Procter, American actress

October 9 – Troy Davis, American high-profile death row inmate and human rights activist (d. 2011) October 10 Bart Brentjens, Dutch mountainbiker Feridun Düzağaç, Turkish rock singer-songwriter

October 11 Tiffany Grant, American voice actress Jane Krakowski, American actress Brett Salisbury, Author, QB

October 12 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor October 14 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer October 15 Didier Deschamps, French footballer Jyrki 69, Finnish singer Vanessa Marcil, American actress

October 17 – Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician and oldest son of Bob Marley October 22 – Shaggy, Jamaican singer October 24 – Mark Walton American story artist, actor October 27 – Alain Auderset, Swedish writer October 28 – Juan Orlando Hernández, President of Honduras October 29 – Tsunku, Japanese singer, music producer, and song composer


Owen WilsonNovember 1 – Silvio Fauner, Italian cross-country skier November 3 – Debbie Rochon, Canadian actress November 4 Lee Germon, New Zealand cricketer Daniel Landa, Czech composer, singer and actor Miles Long, American pornographic actor and director

November 6 Caesar Meadows, American cartoonist Kelly Rutherford, American actress

November 8 Parker Posey, American actress Zara Whites, Dutch actress

November 9 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian classical pianist November 11 – David L. Cook, American Christian recording star November 12 Aya Hisakawa, Japanese voice actress Sammy Sosa, Dominican Major League Baseball player

November 13 – Pat Hentgen, American baseball player November 14 Janine Lindemulder, American adult film actress Serge Postigo, Canadian actor

November 15 Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper (d. 2004) Fausto Brizzi, Italian screenwriter and film director

November 16 – Tammy Lauren, American actress November 18 Barry Hunter, Northern Irish footballer and football manager Luizianne Lins, Brazilian politician Gary Sheffield, American retired baseball player Owen Wilson, American actor

November 20 Chew Chor Meng, Singaporean Chinese television actor John Trobaugh, American artist and photographer

November 21 Qiao Hong, Chinese table tennis player Sean Schemmel, American voice actor Alex James, English bassist (Blur) and cheesemaker

November 22 Sidse Babett Knudsen, Danish actress Rasmus Lerdorf, Danish-Greenlandic creator of PHP

November 23 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar November 24 Phil Starbuck, former English footballer yukihiro, Japanese musician (L'Arc-en-Ciel)

November 25 Tunde Baiyewu, British singer (Lighthouse Family) Jacqueline Hennessy, Canadian actress and talk show host Jill Hennessy, Canadian actress

November 27 – Michael Vartan, French actor November 28 – Ken, Japanese musician (L'Arc-en-Ciel) November 29 – Jonathan Knight, American singer (New Kids on the Block) November 30 Des'ree, British singer Rica Matsumoto, Japanese voice actress and singer


Lucy Liu

Brendan FraserDecember 2 – Lucy Liu, American actress December 3 Brendan Fraser, Canadian-American actor Montell Jordan, American singer

December 5 – Margaret Cho, American actress and comedian December 7 Greg Ayres, American voice actor Mark Geyer, Australian rugby league player Filip Naudts, Belgian photographer

December 8 Michael Cole, American television sports commentator Wendi Deng, Chinese-American businesswoman Mike Mussina, American baseball player

December 9 – Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler, 1996 Olympic gold medalist December 11 – Monique Garbrecht-Enfeldt, German speed skater December 17 – Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver December 18 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress December 21 – Khrystyne Haje, American actress December 22 – Dina Meyer, American actress December 23 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer December 24 – Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress and model December 25 – Helena Christensen, Danish model December 26 – Dennis Knight, American professional wrestler December 26 – Malcolm L. McCallum, American herpetologist, conservation biologist, and environmental scientist December 31 – Gerry Dee, Canadian actor and stand-up comedian

Date unknown Andrei Ivanovitch, Russian classical pianist George Henry Smyth, Irish artist


January January 4 – Joseph Pholien, former Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1884) January 7 Hugo Butler, Canadian screenwriter (b. 1914) Gholamreza Takhti, Iranian wrestler (b. 1930) Mario Roatta, Italian general (b. 1887)

January 10 – Theophilus Ebenhaezer Dönges, Former Prime Minister of South Africa, and elected President of South Africa (b. 1898) January 11 – Moshe Zvi Segal, Israeli linguist and Talmudic scholar, and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1876) January 15 – Bill Masterton, Canadian hockey player (b. 1938) January 18 – Bert Wheeler, American actor and comedian (b. 1895) January 19 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879), winner of the first Indianapolis 500 (1911) January 21 – Will Lang Jr., American journalist (b. 1914) January 22 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890) January 26 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher and aviation promoter (b. 1883) January 30 – Robert Wood Johnson, American business leader and philanthropist (b. 1893)


Georg HackenschmidtFebruary 1 Jacob van der Hoeden, Dutch-Israeli veterinary scientist (b. 1891) Lawson Little, American golfer (b. 1910)

February 4 – Neal Cassady, American writer (b. 1926) February 7 – Nick Adams, American actor (b. 1931) February 11 – Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888) February 13 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1894) February 19 – Georg Hackenschmidt, strongman and professional wrestler (b. 1877) February 20 – Anthony Asquith, British director and writer (b. 1902) February 21 – Howard Walter Florey, Australian-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898) February 22 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904) February 23 – Fannie Hurst, American novelist (b. 1885) February 27 – Frankie Lymon, American singer (b. 1942) February 29 – Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886)


Yuri GagarinMarch 6 – Léon Mathot, French actor (b. 1886) March 10 – Helen Walker, American actress (b. 1920) March 16 Leon Cadore, American baseball pitcher (b. 1890) Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (b. 1895) June Collyer, American actress (b. 1906)

March 20 Charles Chaplin Jr., American actor (b. 1925) Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director (b. 1889)

March 23 – Edwin O'Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner (b. 1918) March 24 – Alice Guy-Blaché, French film director (b. 1873) March 27 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut, first human in space (b. 1934) March 30 – Bobby Driscoll, American child actor (b. 1937)


Martin Luther King Jr.April 1 – Lev Davidovich Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908) April 4 – Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (assassinated) (b. 1929) April 7 – Jim Clark, Scottish race car driver (b. 1936) April 10 – Gustavs Celmiņš, Latvian politician (b. 1899) April 14 – Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911) April 16 Fay Bainter, American actress (b. 1893) Edna Ferber, American writer (b. 1885)

April 19 – Ronald Urquhart, British general (b. 1906) Poul Reumert, Danish actor (b. 1883)

April 22 – Stephen H. Sholes, American record executive (b. 1911) April 24 – Tommy Noonan, American actor (b. 1921) April 25 – Walter Tewksbury, American athlete (b. 1876)

May May 1 – Jack Adams, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1895) May 5 – Albert Dekker, American actor (b. 1905) May 7 Mike Spence, British race car driver (b. 1936) Craig Wood, American golfer (b. 1901)

May 9 Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite (b. 1893) Finlay Currie, Scottish actor (b. 1878) Marion Lorne, American actress (b. 1883)

May 10 – Scotty Beckett, American actor (b. 1929) May 14 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. 1882) May 21 – Doris Lloyd, English actress (b. 1896) May 23 – James Burke, American actor (b. 1886) May 25 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (b. 1881) May 28 – Kees van Dongen, Dutch-French painter (b. 1877) May 29 – Arnold Susi, Estonian lawyer and politician (b. 1896) May 31 – Preben Uglebjerg, Danish actor (b. 1931)


Helen Keller

Robert F. KennedyJune 1 – Helen Keller, American spokeswoman for the deaf and blind (b. 1880) June 2 Jouett Shouse, American politician (b. 1879) Dick Williams, American tennis champion (b. 1891)

June 4 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (b. 1898) June 6 Randolph Churchill, British politician, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911) Robert F. Kennedy, U.S. Senator and U.S. Attorney General (assassinated) (b. 1925)

June 7 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907) June 14 – Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901) June 15 Sam Crawford, American baseball player (Detroit Tigers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1880) Wes Montgomery, American jazz guitarist (b. 1925)

June 18 – Sally O'Neil, American actress (b. 1908) June 24 – Tony Hancock, British comedian (b. 1924) (suicide) June 29 – Paddy Driscoll, American football player (Chicago Cardinals) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1895)


Otto HahnJuly 1 – Virginia Weidler, American actress (b. 1927) July 6 – Johnny Indrisano, American boxer and actor (b. 1906) July 7 – Ellsworth Johnson, American gangster (b. 1906) July 18 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892) July 21 – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer (b. 1878) July 23 – Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1875) July 27 – Lilian Harvey, British-German actress (b. 1906) July 28 – Otto Hahn, German chemist, discoverer of nuclear fission, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879) July 30 – Alexander Hall, American Theatrical Motion Picture Director (b. 1894) July 31 – Jack Pizzey, Premier of Queensland, Australia (b. 1911)

August August 19 – George Gamow, Ukrainian-born physicist (b. 1904) August 26 – Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1905) August 27 Robert Z. Leonard, American film director (b. 1889) Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (b. 1906)

August 29 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner (b. 1881) August 31 – Dennis O'Keefe, American actor (b. 1908)

September September 8 – Luther Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1928) September 12 – Tommy Armour, Scottish golfer (b. 1894) September 18 Francis McDonald, American actor (b. 1891) Franchot Tone, American actor (b. 1905)

September 19 – Red Foley, American singer (b. 1910) September 24 – Virginia Valli, American actress (b. 1898) September 26 – Lipman Heilprin, Israeli physician and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1902) September 28 – Norman Brookes, Australian tennis champion (b. 1877)


Marcel DuchampOctober 2 – Marcel Duchamp, French artist (b. 1887) October 4 – Hitoshi Imamura, Japanese general (b. 1886) October 9 – Pierre Mulele, Congolese revolutionary October 10 – Trevor Housley, Australian public servant (b. 1910) October 13 – Bea Benaderet, American actress (b. 1906) October 18 – Lee Tracy, American actor (b. 1898) October 27 – Lise Meitner, German-Austrian physicist, discoverer of nuclear fission (b. 1878) October 30 Pert Kelton, American actress (b. 1907) Rose Wilder Lane, American author and reporter (b. 1886) Ramón Novarro, Mexican actor (b. 1899) Conrad Richter, American writer (b. 1890)


Upton SinclairNovember 4 – Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892) November 6 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891) November 7 – Gordon Coventry, Australian rules footballer (b. 1901) November 8 – Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914) November 9 – Gerald Mohr, American actor (b. 1914) November 13 – Berthold Bartosch, Czech animator (b. 1893) November 18 – Walter Wanger, American film producer (b. 1894) November 20 – Helen Gardner, American actress (b. 1884) November 23 – Shangguan Yunzhu, Chinese actress (b. 1920) November 24 – István Dobi, former Hungarian leader (b. 1898) November 25 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (b. 1878) November 26 – Arnold Zweig, German writer (b. 1887) November 28 – Enid Blyton, British children's writer (b. 1897)


John Steinbeck

Tallulah BankheadDecember 2 – Adamson-Eric, Estonian artist (b. 1902) December 4 – Archie Mayo, American actor and director (b. 1891) December 5 – Fred Clark, American actor (b. 1914) December 9 – Enoch L. Johnson, American political boss and racketeer (b. 1883) December 10 Karl Barth, German Protestant theologian (b. 1888) Thomas Merton, American author (b. 1915)

December 12 – Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (b. 1902) December 14 – Margarete Klose, German soprano (b. 1902) December 15 – Jess Willard, American boxer (b. 1881) December 15 – Jian Bozan, Chinese historian (b. 1898) December 18 – Giovanni Messe, Italian general (b. 1883) December 19 – Norman Thomas, American politician (b. 1884) December 20 – John Steinbeck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902) December 21 – Vittorio Pozzo, Italian football player and manager (b. 1886) December 24 – Leo Otis Colbert, American admiral and engineer, third Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (b. 1883) December 26 – Weegee, Ukrainian photographer and photojournalist (b. 1899) December 30 Trygve Lie, Norwegian United Nations Secretary General (the first) (b. 1896) Vladimir Peter Tytla, American animator (b. 1904)

December 31 – George Lewis, American musician (b. 1900)

Date unknown Alan Stuart Paterson, New Zealand cartoonist (b. 1902)

Nobel PrizesEdit

Nobel medal.png Physics – Luis Walter Alvarez Chemistry – Lars Onsager Physiology or Medicine – Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg Literature – Yasunari Kawabata Peace – René Cassin


1.Jump up ^ Navazelskis, Inabhfghh (1990). Alexander Dubcek. Chelsea House Publications. ISBN 1-55546-831-4. 2.Jump up ^ Chartres, John (9 January 1968). "Wilson Joins 'I Back Britain'". The Times (London). p. 1. 3.Jump up ^ "Italy: The Day the Earth Shook". Time. 26 January 1968. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 4.Jump up ^ "Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani". 5.Jump up ^ Lyndon B. Johnson (March 11, 1968). Memorandum Approving the Adoption by the Federal Government of a Standard Code for Information Interchange. The American Presidency Project. Accessed 2008-04-14. 6.Jump up ^ "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Prime Minister of Canada. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2015. 7.Jump up ^ "Rock & Roll Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. 8.Jump up ^ Mali country profile (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Federal Research Division, January 2005, p. 3

Further readingEdit

Sherman, Daniel J. et al. eds. The Long 1968: Revisions and New Perspectives (Indiana University Press; 2013) 382 pages; essays by scholars on the cultural and political impact of 1968 in France, Mexico, Northern Ireland, the United States, etc. Kurlansky, Mark. (2004). 1968: The Year that Rocked the World. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-06251-0 NPR "Echoes of 1968" report series. 1968 – The Year in Sound An Audiofile produced by Lou Zambrana of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio. TIME Magazine, 40th Anniversary Special (2008). "1968: The Year That Changed the World." NEWSWEEK Magazine. "1968: The Year That Made Us Who We Are." November 19, 2007. 1968: The Year That Shaped a Generation,, January 11, 1988. 1968 Coin Pictures Magnum Photos, Historic photos from 1968 BBC Radio 4 – 1968 Myth or Reality? – six months of 'news on this day' programmes and documentaries Interactive 1968 Timeline Reflections on 1968 Read people's memories of the year 1968. Minnesota Historical Society

External linksEdit

"1968". Timeline. USA: Digital Public Library of America.